What claims did the disciples make about Jesus?
When we refer to the disciples it is not just to the original twelve, minus Judas, but to those who are followers and learners of Christ, those who have believed on His name. It was among those whom the Holy Spirit inspired to write the New Testament and it is there we read the testimony that He is God. For example: He is the first and the last (Rev. 1:17; 2:8; 22:13), the true light (John 1:9), their “rock” or “stone” (I Cor. 10:4; I Peter 2:6-8), the “Bridegroom” (Eph. 5:28-33), “the chief Shepherd” (I Peter 5:4), and the “Great Shepherd (Heb. 13:20) (When Skeptics Ask, by Geisler & Brooks, p. 110). These are all terms used to describe Jehovah in the Old Testament. They gave testimony to His power to do things only God can do such as raise the dead, forgive sins and create and sustain the universe. They associated the name of Jesus with that of God, “Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Gal. 1:3; Eph. 1:2). When Thomas saw Him after the resurrection he exclaimed, “My Lord and my God” (John 20:28); Paul wrote, “all the fullness of the Deity dwells in bodily form” (Col. 2:9); and Titus wrote of Him, “our great God and Savior” (2:13). All of these men had an established reputation of being honest men, they were men who were known for telling the truth. For anyone to say that they lied or made it all up to invent a new religion is intellectually dishonest. We have a most reliable testimony in the New Testament that Jesus Christ is God. The only question left, is He your Lord?
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